The Minister of Transport and Communications is responsible for centrally administrating maritime, harbour and lighthouse affairs, except where otherwise provided for in a different law.
The Minister of Transport and Communications shall, upon receipt of a report from the Maritime Council, appoint a Director General of the Icelandic Maritime Administration, for a period of five years at a time. The Director General employs other personnel to the Administration.
The IMA, with a staff of around 65, handles numerous activities in the field of maritime administration and supervision, such as operation of lighthouses and navigational systems, vessel registration and supervision of ship surveys, manning and certification. The IMA also conducts research into ship stability and ship and harbour security and harbour development, coastal changes and coastal protection.